[ASSIGNMENT 02] Superhero Garbage

Glass is a solid-like material that is used in numerous applications in our daily lives. This material is made from natural and abundant raw materials such as sand, soda ash and limestone that are melted at a very high temperature to form a new material. Glass that is crushed and ready to be remelted is called cullet (furnace-ready scrap glass). As an inert material, it guarantees that food and beverages placed in glass containers are not stained by the packaging. It is also commonly used in the pharmaceutical industry to preserve the properties of medicine, and in the construction industry for its energy-saving properties.

Glass is a sustainable, fully recyclable material which provides great environmental benefits. Indeed, it is the sustainable packaging choice: once a glass object is created, it remains one hundred percent recyclable for life. It is a pure material which stays that way, since it is safe to use over and over again. However, when not recycled, a glass bottle can take anywhere from 4000 to 1 million years to break down in landfills.

Almost no other man-made material provides so many possibilities across so many industries and disciplines. Its applications are constantly evolving and when combined with other materials, glass can be used for high-tech applications in architecture and insulation. One relatively new use for glass as a smart material is aerogel. The latter is not like conventional foams, but is a special porous material with extreme microporosity. This means that it is composed of individual features only a few nanometers in size which makes it extremely light. Among other applications, is used by NASA to capture fast moving star dust.

Below is my comic for the project Superhero Garbage. The collective comic book is done in collaboration with Neldy Germain, Celeste Nakaï, Veronique Pelletier & Hailey Turcato.

Superhero Garbage


  1. “About Aerogel.” Aspen Aerogels. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 September 2014.
  2. “About Aerogels.” Aerogel Technologies. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Sept. 2014.
  3. “Aerogel: Catching Comet Dust.” NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory. N.p., 25 Mar. 2005. Web. 26 September 2014.
  4. “Believe in Glass.” Owens-Illinois (O-I). N.p., n.d. Web. 26 September 2014.
  5. “Glass.” Bulletin of the Detroit Institute of Arts 81.1/2, American Decorative Arts Acquisitions 1985-2005 (2007): 63-68. Web. 26 September 2014.
  6. “Glass Packaging and Sustainability.” Glass Packaging and Sustainability. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 September 2014.
  7. “The Glass Recycle Process.” All-Recycling-Facts.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 September 2014.
  8. “Glass Recycling Facts.” Glass Packaging Institute. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 September 2014.
  9. “Smart Materials.” Material Matters: New Materials in Design. N.d. 39. Web. 26 September 2014.
  10. “Sustainability & the Environment.” Glass. N.p., N.d. Web. 26 September 2014.

| Creative Scarves for Lush

"I always say, buy less and buy better quality - so that what you buy will last" explains Dame Westwood. Image Source: www.ecouterre.com

One of the designs for the limited edition Climate Revolution Knot Wraps.
Image Source: http://www.ecouterre.com

Image Source: www.ecouterre.com

“I always say, buy less and buy better quality – so that what you buy will last” explains Dame Westwood.
Image Source: http://www.ecouterre.com

As Christmas rapidly approaches, I thought it would be of interest to share this new eco-friendly initiative from fashion designer Vivienne Westwood. In fact, As part of her sustainable forward thinking, she has created scarves for high street beauty store Lush to use instead of wrapping paper.

Since 2005, the beauty brand, which produces handmade cosmetics, has decided to replace the paper with scarves as part of a worldwide project to cut back on gift paper. Sadly, we are responsible of using an impressive 365,000 kilometers of wrapping paper every Christmas.

Christmas is about giving, not about wrapping, packaging and waste. We’ve been encouraging our customers to use fabrics […] – half of our products don’t even need packaging – they come “naked”.
– Mo Constantine OBE, co-founder of Lush

All proceeds from the two limited edition “Climate Knot-Wraps” designed by Vivienne Westwood will be used to raise awareness for Climate Revolution. So, not only will these scarves reduce waste and last a lifetime, but they also encourages a cause for a thriving future.

| Do The Green Thing

The Green Thing. Image Source: http://www.dothegreenthing.com/users/new

The Green Thing.
Image Source: http://www.dothegreenthing.com/users/new

As I was researching other sustainable practitioners, designers, thinkers, movements and/or trends that could inspire me for the second assignment of my Collaborative Design Research class, I came upon a website called Do The Green Thing. They give you, among other things, seven ways to lead a greener life:

  • Walk;
  • Stay grounded;
  • All-consume products;
  • Eat less meat;
  • Stay warm with human heat;
  • Spend less time with technology;
  • Stick with what you got.

It presents a simple yet doable approach, without being totally overwhelming like sustainability tends to be. They work on the principle that lots of small things can add up to more than a few big things, which is exactly the way we should start acting if we want drastic changes in our world. If Green Thing is about one thing, it’s inspiring green action. If we all contribute to Green Thing, it will become as creative, as credible and as inspiring as it can be. If we all do the Green Thing, it will make the biggest impact it can make. You can consult their manifesto right here.

Another cool project to this website is the “Do The Green Thing” project. Artists, illustrators, copywriters and general creatives submit posters highlighting different environmental issues. Most posters that were submitted are truly visually captivating, and with a slice of humor they raise awareness through their meaning.


"Unplug Yourself", by graphic designer Andrew Chapman. Image Source: http://dothegreenthing.tumblr.com/post/65040831484/thewoodentruth

“Unplug Yourself”, by graphic designer Andrew Chapman.
Image Source: http://dothegreenthing.tumblr.com/post/65040831484/thewoodentruth

The first poster that caught my attention was “Unplug Yourself”, by The Wooden Truth. The Wooden Truth is a small letterpress studio based in Lewes (UK) run by graphic designer Andrew Chapman. To encourage people to live a life less electric, he created a  design using only old wood type, which he hand inked and hand rolled. The designer believes that by switching off and unplugging at the end of the day will not only save you money and valuable resources, it will also give you the time to do something else – more natural, more calming, more rewarding things. This reaches out to my team’s first assignment, where we wanted to highlight our society’s dependance on technology, especially smartphones.


"Hot", by photographer Dean Chalkley. Image Source: http://dothegreenthing.tumblr.com/post/45900884814/deanchalkey

“Hot”, by photographer Dean Chalkley.
Image Source: http://dothegreenthing.tumblr.com/post/45900884814/deanchalkey

Another witty poster from this “Do The Green Thing” project is one that asks the question “how can one heat a home without heating?”. Photographer Dean Chalkley’s answer is urning off the heating and pulling on a jumper instead. In his mind, it is a real waste of energy to turn up the heating when the human body is fully capable of heating itself (with the help of an extra layer or two of clothing) so there’s no need for a radiator to do what a jumper can do better. In fact, according to the artist, A light long-sleeved sweater is generally worth about 2 degrees F in added warmth, while a heavy sweater adds about 4 degrees F. This is much more efficient than electric heating, with nearly two thirds of heat leaving our homes through the walls and roof. I found this a creative way of advocating the over usage of electricity in our homes. However, I wonder if these artists have experienced Canadian winters…

| Sustainable Principles and Practices

Icon Source: Entypo.

Icon Source: Entypo.

To start off the second assignment for our Collaborative Design Research class, we were asked to look at all the process PDFs for the first assignment and find three sustainable principles and practices that would be relevant to implement in the second assignment.

What was interesting in each process PDF was how sustainability was described and understood. For some, sustainability implied making objects useful without harming the future, by having a certain mindfulness to waste and an empathy towards nature and future (Infinity). Sustainability can also be seen as being a demonstration for the well-being of others, respect for the Earth and an understanding of how connected everything it (Nomad). Other people are more pessimistic, as they see sustainability as an overwhelming phenomenon, how the negative aspects human activities (especially industrialization) are having on the environment (Horse With Blinders On). However, what was recurrent in all the PDFs was the social and cultural aspects that should also be considered in every sustainable creative process.



Designers are creators of the new (Something Blurred). This seems like a very powerful statement, but in fact designers have the responsibility over the choices they make in their design process. They are the ones who can change consumers’ habits by designing for people’s true needs instead of focusing on people’s wants. This can be quite a challenge, but there is a need to make people realize what is at stake and question whether the way we do things is the best way to do it. This is why designers have to research very thoroughly about the subject they are focusing on, and rethink every step in their thinking process in order to make the right choices and the most sustainable decisions for consumers and the world around them. This is a principle that needs to be implemented in the brainstorming stage of the second assignment (and even every other project) to be able to achieve innovative sustainable works.



Another recurring principle in the majority of the concepts presented in class was the dual purpose of the project. Indeed, I found it very interesting how the objects that were created for the first assignment were both an aesthetic piece and a practical item. by doing so, designers are able to present awareness through the meaning of the object and as the same time present it as a visually beautiful piece. Therefore, consumers will be more interested in the content if the container is more appealing to their eyes. And if designers want to take a step further towards sustainability, their work should be visually captivating as well as being beneficial to the environment (Positive Littering). I find that this aesthetic dimension should be included in every project, to highlight the creative character of the designer.



We cannot speak of sustainability without mentioning the product life cycle. The life cycle of a product include material extraction, manufacturing and production, transportation, use and reuse, and finally disposal and recycling. It is mostly in this last step that designers need to work on, in order to make consumers not want to dispose of their objects. In fact, the ultimate challenge of the designer is to create an fully designed, whole product that will defy the notion of time, and be intangible, indefinite and infinite (Infinity). Designers should strive towards the next big thing in sustainability, which is to practice a design that focuses on refusing, reducing, reusing, recycling and recovering the product in order to extend the life cycle of the product (Blank Slate). What would be ideal would be to create a product that is infinite, a product that defies its own life expectancy.



As part of our preliminary research was to brainstorm on a production question for the second assignment. This was a challenge since I still do not know the precise subject on what my future team will be working on, but here are a couple preliminary production questions:

“How could one extract design and sustainability principles from the past and apply them to the creation of something sustainably responsible that would answer people’s needs rather than people’s wants ?”

” How could a designer tell to consumers that just like designers who have responsibility over over the choices they make in their design process, consumers actually do have a responsibility over technology ?”



Projects cited:

  • Infinity, by Louise Heng, Eliza Nguyen, Mylinh Nguyen and Melanie Palapuz.
  • Blank Slate, by Laurence Baril, Bruno Lariviere, Melissa Noack, Julia Panchyzhna and Sarah Pilgrim.
  • Something Blurred, by  John Bigsby, Celeste Nakai, Véronique Pelletier and Paula Youwakim.
  • Positive Littering, by Sydney Cornett, Oliver Houston, Cameron Morse, and Sandy Spink.
  • Horse With Blinders On, by Alex Pelchat-White, Anne Dehn, Chloe Belisle and Tatev Yesayan.
  • Nomad, by Gustavo Lopez, Eric Mackay, Daniel Martinez and Steven Steffen.

| [Assignment 01] Presentation & Critique

Cracking Reality, mounted on wall. Photo by Roxanne Desrosiers.

Cracking Reality, paper prints mounted on wall.
Photo by Roxanne Desrosiers.

Cracking reality, velum prints on table. Photo by Roxanne Desrosiers.

Cracking reality, velum prints on table.
Photo by Roxanne Desrosiers.

This past Wednesday was our class presentation and critique for our first assignments.

Our team project aimed to see how we could use screen printing to comment on sustainable living by comparing technological cracks that are undesirable and annoying, to the metaphorical cracks of our society in which real life and virtual life are intrinsically linked.

By doing so, we tried to take a more sustainable social and cultural approach to our very materialistic theme. The material cracks of a call phone screen are a stepping stone to something deeper. In fact, we wanted to show what hides behind our material cracks and ask the viewer “where do you stand?” amidst all this technological confusion. We hope that through our project, we were able to reach our viewers’ different narratives and make them realize that social interactions have gone rare in our society of technology. They need to look away from their screen, and into the world that surrounds them. We were very happy with the final result, and even more so that our project received a positive critique !

Overall, the other projects really impressed me; I was not disappointed by a single one. Every team worked hard to tie in sustainability with their project, and we could see that as much energy was put into the conceptual aspect of the project than on the production of the finished work.


| Sustainable Graphic Design


Source: PACT website (2013)

As part of my DART 391 class, we had a lecture on sustainable graphic design. The guest speaker was Marie Reumont, the founder of PACT.

I had already heard of Marie Reumont, since she had her graphic design formation at College Ahuntsic, juste like I have done.  During my final year, she received an award for the role she played in the growth and development of the graphic design and communications industry in Quebec.

I found her lecture very motivating: she seemed very passionate about the future of the designer in the ecodesign process. The challenge is to achieve good design while integrating sustainability principles.

She gave us many tools and solutions; here are just a few:

  • Using alternate materials;
  • Choosing the right processes;
  • Simplify the message;
  • Getting back to the essentials, to the core of the product;
  • Optimizing manufacturing.

However, I think the real challenge here is to get companies and big corporations to adopt these changes in their branding and products. Nowadays, the problem is that companies are willing to invest enormous amounts of money for the marketing of their so-called “green design”, to convince people that their product and/or company is eco-friendly and sustainable. However, when it comes to investing in ways to actually make the product greener, they are not so willing. So, it all comes down to greenwashing, which is exactly what Marie Reumont wants to change: with PACT, she has the fervent desire of informing the consumer about what actually has been done, as well as what has to be done in the future.

Here is a link to PACT’s webpage: http://www.projetpact.com/



| 30 secondes pour changer le monde

This series of shows analyses the marketing image and the advertisement of twelve major social issues. This week’s topic was environment, an issue that is becoming more and more important in Quebec.

Climate, nature and biodiversity are hot topics that concern us all, especially now that we are aware that human activity can have irreversible environmental impacts. Ecological disasters marked the imagination of Quebecers, and shocking images of these disasters led to the protection of the environment as a major cause of the early 21st century. Gatherings such as Earth Day show us the effectiveness of advertising campaigns as well as their repercussions on society.

As people nowadays become saturated with warnings of a danger that appears so distant from our reality, communication experts have to think about new innovative ways of getting the urging message across to the population.

Click on the image above to watch some shocking ads from Quebec and other parts of the world. 


Other subjects that will be analyzed in this series of shows are:

  • Road Safety
  • Domestic Violence
  • AIDS
  • Breast Cancer
  • Drug Addiction
  • Suicide
  • Weight
  • Alcohol Addiction
  • Smoking
  • Gambling
  • Poverty


| Home

The documentary Home, by Yann Arthus-Bertrand, is for the most part done with great beauty, sensitivity and grace. Indeed, Home is a film that opens your eyes to the devastating state of our planet, with an incredible cinematography and a well crafted narrative.

Firstly, the cinematography of this documentary is stunning; with beautifully rich aerial shots of more than 50 countries, you get to see our planet like you’ve never seen it before. The film, like its tagline suggests, is a “stunning visual portrayal of Earth”. Even the images of pollution that humans have caused in the last fifty years look appealing to the eye. The film contrasts the beauties and miracles of our planet with the disasters humans have come to create, yet does so with respect and sensitivity for the human race.

Even if the pictures and images do most of the talking, the narration and score add immensely to the beauty of the film. In the English version, Glenn Close (six-time Academy Award winner) is a calm, but very intense narrator. She does not sound alarmed by the facts she is enumerating throughout the film. The score accompanying Glenn Close’s voice is also quite powerful, bringing as much to the film as the images do.

Even more so powerful is the contents of the documentary, which underlines the most overwhelming and alarming truth about our planet’s (our home’s) future. The documentary shows numerous ways in which our current human activities are not at all sustainable. Our over-use of water, our dependance on non-renewable resources, the use of agriculture to feed cattle as well as the Earth’s overpopulation are the main causes for the quick destruction of the fragile state of our planet. Personally, I found interesting that the director drew attention to our own country, Canada, and how Canadians are dangerously wasting land, water and energy. This is mostly the case in the oil sands of Alberta and Saskatchewan, all in the strive to obtain harder-to-get oil and other fossil fuels. The fact that the film mentions Canada as one of the actors of this alarming situation makes us realize that the catastrophic pollution and abuse does not happen only in countries far away from us.

Also, the narrator mentions several times in the film that everything is linked, that we all come from the same family. However, it is shocking to see how humans are doing exactly the contrary: we are shattering this natural balance and harmony, breaking the links of elements that were once intimately linked. Fortunately though, the film ends in an optimistic manner, telling us that it is too late to be pessimist about our fate as a species. We need to come together, not as citizens of different countries, but as human beings. However, I think we need to find more concrete solutions other than the ones mentioned at the end of the documentary. Our major world leaders are not ready to attack this giant of a problem, and could postpone the alarming situation another ten years if the population does not come up with concrete solutions that would help our Home to survive.